Home Schooling Unlimited
 

Homeschooling Methods
Math Worksheets

Unit Studies
Schedules & Forms
Word Game Generator

Articles
Site Map


  Bookmark this Page  


English Arts - Lessons

The Principal Parts of Verbs

Every verb has three main parts. These are called principal parts of the verb. All other forms of the verb are based on these principal parts.

The principal parts of every verb are the present tense, the past tense, and the past participle.

The principal present tense is the same as the simple present tense.

The principal past tense is the same as the simple past tense.

The principal past participle is the same as the simple past tense.

Principal Present Tense

(same as simple present tense)

Principal Past Tense

(same as simple past tense)

Principal Past Participle

(same as simple past tense)

talk

talked

talked

jump

jumped

jumped

add

added

added

climb

climbed

climbed

The past participle is put together with the helping verbs have, has, or had to make the three perfect tenses.


      present perfect (I have clapped)
          past perfect (I had clapped)
          future perfect (I will have clapped)

The past and past participle forms of most verbs are the same. You can see this in the chart above. These are the regular verbs.

In all regular verbs, the past and past participle are made by adding d or ed to the simple present verb.

Simple Present

Add:

Simple Past

Past Participle

divide

-d

divided

had/have divided

talk

-ed

talked

had/have talked

Sometimes regular verbs change their spelling when d or ed is added to them. These changes follow regular spelling rules.

Simple Present Tense

Add:

Spell:

knit

-ed

knitted

pat

-ed

patted

try

-ed

tried

hurry

-ed

hurried

  Some verbs change their spelling this way:

Simple Present Tense

Add:

Spell:

say

-d

said

pay

-d

paid

lay

-d

laid

Exercise: These are regular verbs. Change the verb forms if necessary and write the verbs in the correct columns.

worry help pay end
like hurry push pass

Simple Present

Simple Past

Past Participle

     
     
     
     
     
     
     
     

English Lessons Table of Contents


Topic Prompter
Need help starting a story?

Sponsored Links
 
 



Home | Contact Me | About | Privacy Policy
Site map | Free Stuff | Math Worksheets | Spelling Worksheets


Copyright © 2006-2007 Home Schooling Unlimited